Achondroplasia, better known as dwarfism, is a condition not only possible in humans, but dogs and cats alike. In pets, this genetic condition is caused due to the improper development of cartilage on long bones, leaving the cat or dog with abnormally short stature.
The fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) gene is mutated in this condition causing shortened limbs. The severity of this condition can range from mild, with no or little discomfort, to severe, with pain and mobility issues. This condition can occur in any breed, but is most commonly seen in Basset Hounds, Dachshunds, and Munchkin cats.
For more information on achondroplasia and other pet health concerns, check out Trupanion’s new Health Concern Guide for your cat or dog.