Epilepsy is a recurring seizure disorder which occurs in not only humans, but cats and dogs as well. Seizures are caused by improper neuron activity by misfiring in the cerebrum portion of the brain. These seizures can be classified as “Petit Mal” and “Grand Mal”. Petit Mal are partial motor seizures and Gran Mal are major motor seizures, which are the most severe. There are several other conditions which can cause seizures, such as genetic factors, anemia, tumors, toxins such as lead poisoning, diabetes, hypoglycemia, head trauma, vitamin deficiencies, kidney and liver disorders, congenital defects, hypothermia, and certain medications. There are a large variety of cat and dog breeds that may be more susceptible to epilepsy than others, such as the Akita, Irish Setter, Cocker Spaniels, and Poodles.
Symptoms of a seizure are violent shaking, muscle twitching, staring or altered vision, stiffness, salivating, urinating,and loss of consciousness. To diagnose your pet with epilepsy, your veterinarian will have to look over their detailed medical history, conduct neurological exams, and possibly even x-rays. Unfortunately, there is no current cure for epilepsy, however medications such as Primidone, Diazepam, also known as Valium, Phenobarbital, and Potassium Bromide can decrease the frequency of the seizures.
To learn more about the epilepsy condition, check out our Pet Health Concerns Guide. By enrolling your pet with Trupanion pet insurance, your cat or dog’s policy will include coverage for diagnostic tests, medications, surgeries, hereditary and congenital disorders, as long as treatment for a certain condition is required after enrolling and is not pre-existing.
Has your pet ever experienced any problems with epilepsy? If so, we would love to hear from you and any comments, advice, experiences, of thoughts on this condition.