FLUTD (Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease) is a generalized term including multiple issues with the urinary tract. It is more common among male cats and if your male cat is straining to urinate or does not produce urine then it is important to have him seen by a veterinarian as soon as possible.
The signs may be caused by a number of different issues/conditions, all of which are characterized as feline lower urinary tract disease. Many of the signs are common between causes so your veterinarian will need to examine your cat to determine the exact problem and treat accordingly.
These conditions affect both male and female cats and are often seen in overweight cats. If your cat experiences difficulty urinating then it is important to seek veterinary care as soon as possible. Depending on the signs, diagnostics may include a physical exam, blood work, ultrasound, radiographs and/or a urinalysis.
Treatment will vary based on the diagnosis and signs but often include:
If your cat is diagnosed with struvite crystals or stones, your veterinarian may recommend a prescription diet to help manage the pH of your cat's urine.
Your cat may experience recurrences of the same problem, however the likelihood will decrease as your pet gets older. With timely veterinary care and proper treatment, most cats will continue to live happy lives without long-term consequences.
1. Carlson, Delbert, DVM. "Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease: Symptoms, Treatments, and More." Healthy Cats. WebMD, n.d. Web. 30 May 2013.