Immune-mediated reaction or disease
A condition or disease caused by abnormal activity of the immune system in which the body's immune system either over-reacts (e.g., immune-mediated contact dermatitis) or starts attacking the body itself (e.g., autoimmune hemolytic anemia). Related to 'Autoimmune'.
The body's defense system which recognizes infectious agents and other 'foreign' compounds (such as pollen), and works to destroy them.
A condition in which the animal's immune system has been primed and is able to protect the body from a disease-causing agent such as a certain virus or bacteria. An animal could have immunity to one agent, such as parvovirus, but not have immunity to another agent, such as rabies.
The process of rendering an animal protected (immune) against a certain disease. Vaccination is a way to produce immunization. However, just because an animal has been vaccinated (received a vaccine) does not necessarily mean the animal is immune. If the body did not correctly react to the vaccine or if the vaccine was defective, immunity would not occur. No vaccine produces immunity in 100% of the population to which it was given. 'Vaccination' is not the same as 'immunization'.
Reduced function of the immune system of an animal, making it more susceptible to infectious disease. Can be an inherited defect or caused by drugs, radiation or viruses.
A compound which stimulates the immune system to work more effectively to kill bacteria, viruses or cancer cells.
Something, for instance a drug, hormone, or virus, that reduces the function of the immune system of an animal.
A term used to describe an invasion of parasites.
A condition in which tissue reacts to injury and undergoes changes during the healing process. As an example, a toe with a sliver of wood in it would be inflamed and show the signs of inflammation which include redness, increased temperature, pain, swelling and a loss of or disordered function. The toe is swollen, red, hot, painful, and the animal is reluctant to walk on that toe.
A trait passed from one generation to the next in the genes from each parent.
A hormone produced by the pancreas which is necessary for glucose to be able to enter the cells of the body and be used for energy.
Into the muscle (IM).
Into the nose.
Into a the blood stream via a vein.
The colored portion of the eye is called the iris. As with humans, dogs' iris colors vary. In the center of the iris is the black opening called the pupil. This opening can be made larger or smaller by muscles called ciliary bodies, that attach to the colored iris, causing it to expand or contract.
An estrogen-like substance produced by pasture plants; a type of phytoestrogen.