As a pet owner, you may be curious about the different types of medical conditions that may affect your feline friend. Naturally, no pet owner wants their cat to get sick. Plus, it may be hard to tell if your furry friend is ill in the first place. For example, a medical condition like stomatitis in cats may not be that familiar to pet owners. We sat down with Trupanion veterinarian Dr. Caroline Wilde to learn more about stomatitis in cats and the best course of action and treatment plan for your furry family members.
Stomatitis in cats: what to expect
for your feline friends
What is stomatitis in cats?
Even the most seasoned of cat owners, might not be sure what stomatitis is and how it affects their pets. Wilde breaks down the meaning behind stomatitis in cats.
“Stomatitis refers to bacterial infection and inflammation of the tissues of the mouth, including the gingiva, tongue, and mucosal surface of the oral cavity. It is generally a chronic condition that can be quite painful to cats.”
If your cat seems uncomfortable or has inflammation of the mouth, please seek medical care and the expertise of your veterinarian immediately.
How does stomatitis occur in cats?
Anytime your cat is sick, you may find yourself wondering – how did this happen? Of course, there may be a wide variety of reasons for a cat’s body to react to a substance or other item. For example, “stomatitis can occur when a cat’s oral tissues come in contact with a substance that is caustic or irritating to the tissues of the mouth. This may be an acidic substance, like a battery, irritating plants, or chewing on an electrical cord. In addition, other conditions such as kidney failure or infectious diseases, like the calicivirus can cause stomatitis and oral ulceration,” states Wilde.
Common signs of stomatitis in cats
As a pet owner, you want to be able to help your cats if they’re feeling unwell. Alternatively, unlike dogs and humans, cats don’t always indicate when they’re uncomfortable or in pain. Wilde points out some common signs that your cat may be exhibiting stomatitis.
The gums, tongue, and other oral tissues of the mouth are red and swollen
Halitosis (bad breath)
Weight loss/difficulty eating
If your cat is exhibiting any or all of these signs, please seek the expertise and care of your veterinarian.
With a condition like stomatitis, there may not always be a treatment plan that addresses all concerns at once. For instance, “treatment consists of managing the signs, often with antibiotics to manage the infection and pain. The anti-inflammatory medication is meant to make the cat more comfortable while addressing the primary cause. Further, a thorough teeth cleaning can offer some relief. However, if the condition re-occurs, extraction of the associated teeth is often recommended,” points out Wilde.
Stomatitis in cats: stay mindful as pet owners
By being proactive as a cat owner, and notating if your cat is feeling unwell, the best way to help your furry friend is to seek medical care. Your veterinarian can prescribe a treatment plan that is personalized to your feline.
is a digital content writer and editor for Trupanion. She spends her workday writing for the Trupanion blog. She loves writing about pets, being inspired by pets, and luckily gets to hang out with her rescue dogs all day long. In her free time, she enjoys exploring and traveling with her family. Her work has been featured on the DOGTV blog, KitNipBox blog, Get Your Pet blog, Fansided, among many others.